The Old Town of Ukmerge

Old Town

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In addition to the old towns of the most famous cities of Lithuania, it is worth mentioning the Ukmergė Old Town, which was unduly forgotten. It is a good survivor of the 19th-20th centuries. Monument of urbanism with characteristic structures of that time. Although it is believed that the history of Ukmerge began in the 13th century, the official date of its foundation dates to 1333, when its name was mentioned in the chronicle of H. Wardberger, mentioning a wooden castle on the mound. Due to the long-lasting fights, fires and other disasters that have devastated  this city, the old city's fragments did not survive.

The foundations of the design of the current old town are found in the 15th century, when the trade was developing, the settlement moved to the right bank of the River Vilkmergė. A new shopping mall was formed, which became the starting point of the current Kęstutis square. A new castle was built on the nearby hill (present city park), which finally disappeared in the 18th century, when the city itself was severely affected by wars and fires.

The historic part of Ukmergė city in the context of Lithuania is characterized by the fact that the natural elements were of crucial importance for the development of the city: the town was "plugged" between the castle mound, the castle hill, the Šventoji river and the Vilkmergė stream.

The next stage of the city's development dates back to the 19th century, when roads in the largest cities of Lithuania and the old tract Warsaw-St. Petersburg were laid through Ukmerge's center. It is precisely this intersection of the road and the surrounding environment around it today and is considered to be an archaeological and urban monument.

XIX century at the end of the 19th century, the tide of historicism that had come from Czarist Russia was heavily influenced by the neo-gothic, neo-renaissance, neobarok, neoclassical style brick buildings. The house is most widespread with back facades facing the street, one floor with mezzanines. The appearance of buildings from the 20th century. The beginning to the present has remained unchanged.

Due to the dense building of the Old Town, due to various earth moving activities, the cultural layer in many places is either destroyed or mixed. However, some places can be found in the 15th - 18th centuries. cultural layer or finds of that period. 2002 The Old Town of Ukmerge was entered into the Register of Real Estate Values.





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